Telecable is the latest Spanish cable operator to start deployment of the new cable technology. Starman in Estonia, however, is the latest to bypass 3.1 in favour of FTTH. Telecable decided to overlay DOCSIS 3.1 on its HFC network, giving it Gigabit speeds now and the capability for symmetric gigabit upgrades of up to 10Gbps in the near future once full duplex becomes available. Customers should be offered upgrades from their existing 500Mbps peak speeds to 1Gbps in the coming months. Spanish press reports suggest that Telecable, which operates in the Asturias region, recently signed an agreement with Arris to upgrade to DOCSIS 3.1 into its network. The upgrade has already begun and will be complete by the end of 2017. Vodafone, which also operates cable infrastructure in Spain, is deploying DOCSIS 3.1 in partnership with Huawei, while Basque region-based Euskatel has embarked on its own rollout programme as broadband competition intensifies in the country. Not such good news for the cable technology ion Estonia, where Starman announced it will be upgrading its DOCSIS 3.0 networks to fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) technology rather than DOCSIS 3.1. The operator will combine this with a 10G Ethernet Passive Optical Network (EPON) network supplied by Nokia under a contract signed in June last year. Local reports suggest that Starman is looking to offer 1Gbps services to all its customers in the short term, with 10Gbps speeds available when required. Starman is not the only cable operator to turn its back on DOCSIS 3.1. Altice USA is this year deploying FTTP across its network, skipping 3.1. The aim is to offer 10Gbps speeds using proprietary technologies developed by Altice Labs R&D. Altice CEO Dexter Goei said he sees fibre as a more futureproof solution.